From MSP Knowledge Base
Sandeels - genus ammodytes - ammodytes.png
Layer Info
Category Fish
Editable No
Data source Ecosystem simulation
Extremely Low
Extra High

Description[edit | edit source]

Sandeels[edit | edit source]

Habitat: Demersal
Main role: Prey
Trophic level: 3 – 3,5

Diet: Their diet is dominated by zooplankton, but polychaetes, meiofauna and other small benthos have also an important role.

Threats: Of commercial interest. They are caught in large quantities by specialized industrial fisheries.

European sprat[edit | edit source]

Habitat: Pelagic
Main role: Prey
Trophic level: 3

Diet: zooplankton.

Threats: Highly commercial. Sprats are caught by various trawl gear and seine nets, and are often preserved by smoking. Juvenile sprats are marketed as whitebait. However, the larger part of the international catch is used in the fishmeal industry.===MSP Challenge===

Sandeel and sprat are part of one single data layer. This is a month-by-month, computer generated data layer following calculations made by the ecosystem simulation (EwE).

Different pressures generate by human activities (noise, bottom disturbance, surface disturbance, artificial substrate) have different, complex effects on marine species in terms of movement, survival and procreation.

Sandeel and sprat are caught by all fishing fleets, but mostly by industrial and pelagic trawl.

Food web2.png

In different languages[edit | edit source]

Sandeel[edit | edit source]

  • SN: ammodytes
  • EN: sandeels
  • NL: zandspiering
  • GE: Sandaal
  • DK: tobis
  • FR: lançon
  • NO: småsil
  • SE: tobis

Sandeels are part of a group of bottom-dwelling fish species without swim bladders that prefer relatively smooth bottom or gravelly sand. They typically burrow in the sand to escape predation. They are important prey for many predators of the food web.

European sprat[edit | edit source]

  • SN: sprattus sprattus
  • EN: European sprat
  • NL: sprot
  • GE: Europäische Sprotte
  • DK: brisling
  • FR: sprat
  • NO: brisling
  • SE: skarpsill


Retrieved from[edit | edit source]


Description[edit | edit source]