Offshore wind power or offshore wind energy is the use of wind farms constructed in bodies of water, usually in the ocean on the continental shelf, to harvest wind energy to generate electricity. Higher wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land, so offshore wind power’s contribution in terms of electricity supplied is higher, and NIMBY opposition to construction is usually much weaker. Unlike the typical usage of the term "offshore" in the marine industry, offshore wind power includes inshore water areas such as lakes, fjords and sheltered coastal areas, utilizing traditional fixed-bottom wind turbine technologies, as well as deeper-water areas utilizing floating wind turbines.
Wind Farms are used to produce green energy, the production amount is calculated based on the maximum amount of energy that can be produced in the designated area.
Wind Farms are polygons, i.e., geometric shapes that you can draw in, edit or remove when making a plan. They create the following pressures on the ecosystem:
Wind farms disallow all the bottom trawl, and industrial and pelagic trawl fishing fleets. Drift and fixed nets fleets are only disallowed during construction.
The placement restrictions decide whether the overlap of spatial elements causes:
Errors - Impossible to place these layers on top of each other due to physical limitation.
Warnings - Warnings that it should be done, but wont stop the placement.
The Wind Farm layer has "To Be Defined" types, this overview shows the core information, for further info you can navigate to the type using the InfoBox on the General Information tab.
The ecological pressures are scaled on a level from 0 to 1, with 0 having none, and 1 having the maximal impact on that pressure.
The energy production is calculated using the following algorithm:
Adapted from https://odims.ospar.org/odims_data_files/ and merged with existing wind parks from NL: https://www.noordzeeloket.nl/en/up-date-atlas/
Details of the location and status of offshore renewable energy developments in the OSPAR region, combined with details from the Noordzeeloket for the Dutch EEZ (The last dataset is made from supplied and verified information from developers, after which these are recorded in permits).